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Recognize the types of tiles


Recognize the types of tiles


When decorating a new house, the choice of tiles makes it impossible for many friends to start, because there are too many types of tiles, and there are a wide variety of tiles on the market, such as glazed tiles, vitrified tiles, and marble tiles. Do you know how many types of tiles there are? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these tiles? Which tiles are suitable for which space? Only by understanding the classification and characteristics of the tiles, you can avoid misunderstandings when choosing tiles, and choose the tiles that are suitable for you.

The types of tiles can be distinguished by the following methods:

  1. According to the use, it can be divided into exterior wall tiles, interior wall tiles, floor tiles, square tiles and industrial tiles.

  2. According to forming can be divided into dry pressing tiles, extruded tiles, plastic molding tiles.

  3. According to firing can be divided into oxidized tiles, reducing tiles.

  4. According to the application of glaze points: there are glazed tiles, unglazed tiles; according to the water absorption can be divided into porcelain tiles, enamel tiles, fine enamel tiles, enamel tiles, ceramic tiles.

  5. According to the variety can be divided into polished tiles, rustic tiles, tiles, full polished glaze tiles, polished crystal tiles, microcrystalline stone, split tiles, square tiles (culture tiles).

  6. According to the production process can be divided into glazed tiles, tiles, polished tiles, vitrified tiles, mosaics.

Common types of tiles:
1.porcelain polished tiles (vitrified tiles)

Porcelain tile is also a kind of tile that we often hear. It is a type of tile that is polished and polished on the surface of a brick body. It can be understood as a high-brightness version of a brick. Because the surface is polished, its slip resistance and abrasion resistance are slightly inferior to the whole body brick. However, there are also pores on the surface, which can easily cause discoloration of the tiles, and the colors are relatively simple, and there are fewer selectable colors. Due to the same water absorption on the surface, the polished tiles are not suitable for use in spaces with large moisture such as kitchens and bathrooms.

2.glazed tiles

Glazed tiles are made by firing a layer of glaze on the surface of the brick. Antique tiles can also be made without glazes and colors. Compared with vitrified tiles, the biggest advantage of glazed tiles is good stain resistance, because the glaze seals the pores on the surface of the embryonic body, making it difficult for stains to enter. Glazed tile is also very good in anti-slip performance, and the surface can be burned with various patterns. There are many kinds of colors available. Because the surface is glaze, the wear resistance is slightly inferior to the vitrified tiles, and the surface gloss is also inferior to the vitrified tiles. . The products with too loose embryos are prone to cracking when they are subjected to thermal expansion and contraction, and the cement sewage under the tiles may also return to the surface of the tiles. Therefore, the glazed tiles should be purchased as large brands of qualified products to avoid future problems. In the selection should pay attention to observe whether the surface of the firing is the resulting pinholes, cracks, bending, varicolored glazed water spots and so on.

3.porcelain tiles (full body tiles)

Porcelain tiles, also called whole body tiles, can be said to be the general name of a type of floor tiles. All floor tiles with a water absorption rate of 0.5% or less belong to porcelain tiles, which is also the most common type of home floor tiles. The whole brick surface is not glazed or polished, and the material and color of the front and back surfaces are the same, and the slip resistance and wear resistance are relatively good (the surface is rough, and ordinary scratches are invisible). Most of what we often call "non-slip tiles" are full-body bricks.
Because bricks are not overly complicated processing methods, the prices are generally relatively low, and the surface is hard and wear-resistant and non-slip. When the surface is stained with oil, it can be wiped with a general cleaner and wire to facilitate maintenance. The disadvantage is that because the air holes of the brick body are exposed, the dirt will stay in the interior of the tile for a long time and cause no erasability. Because of these open pores, bricks are easy to absorb dirt and scratches. After long use, the surface will be black, yellow, and lose luster, it is easy to look old.

4.polished crystal tiles

The polished crystal tiles are fired on the basis of glazed tiles for many times. The products that are glazing many times are more abundant in color and they can make delamination effect. The three-dimensional effect is very strong. Its characteristics are similar to polished glazed tiles, but the appearance is more gorgeous. The product has a higher cost than the glazed tiles in firing, glaze usage, operator configuration, etc., and therefore the price is also more expensive.

5.polished glazed tiles(glazed polished tiles)


Glazed tile is a special formula glaze that can be polished in the glaze, applied to the last glaze of the glazed tile, integrates the advantages of the polished tile and the glazed tile, and the glazed surface is smooth and bright like a polished tile. The glazed designs are rich in patterns like glazed tiles and are very selective. The disadvantage is that it is too smooth and the safety of living has decreased. Due to the complex production process, prices are generally higher than the above several tiles.


Mosaic is a kind of brick with special existence. It is generally made up of dozens of small tiles to form a relative large brick, also called ceramic mosaic tile. It is fired from high-quality porcelain clay and is generally made of 18.5 × 18.5 × 5 mm, 39 × 39 × 5 mm squares, or hexagons with a side length of 25 mm. Its advantages are resistance to acids, alkalis, abrasions, water impermeability, strong pressure resistance and no breakage. Divided into ceramic mosaics, marble mosaics, glass mosaics. It is widely used in small indoor areas, walls and outdoor walls and floors in small and exquisite colors.

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